Location: Coral Reef

Depth: 131

Depth: 131

Answer: ROBERT E LEE

The puzzle is a zip archive that, when extracted, produces a tree of 10101 files: a wordlist, 50 "detailed" examples, 50 "normal" examples, and 10,000 puzzles indexed by row and column.

pyramid/ words.txt examples/ detailed_0.txt detailed_1.txt ... detailed_49.txt normal_0.txt normal_1.txt ... normal_49.txt row0/ row0_col62.txt ... row0_col79.txt row1/ row1_col61.txt ... row1_col79.txt row2/ row2_col61.txt ... row2_col80.txt ... row123/ row123_col0.txt ... row123_col140.txt row124/ row124_col0.txt ... row124_col141.txt

The 0-indexed rows and columns form a pyramidal structure embedded within a 142x125 grid: the bottom row (row 124) has 142 puzzles, the next one up (row 123) has 141, ..., the top row (row 0) has 18 puzzles. As one goes up the pyramid (to lower-numbered rows) the current row always has one fewer puzzle than the previous row had, with the missing puzzle taken from either the left side or the right side, alternating.

The wordlist contains 108286 words and is otherwise unremarkable.

Each of the "detailed" examples contains a number of clues that describe a
word from the wordlist, which is given to you (because it's an example).
For example, `detailed_44.txt` tells you:

```
True statements about CAGINESS:
```

Base Scrabble score: 11 points

Can be Caesar shifted to produce another word in the word list: NO

Can be combined with one additional letter to produce an anagram of something in the word list: YES

Can be combined with two additional letters to produce an anagram of something in the word list: YES

Contains at least one doubled letter: YES

Contains at least two different doubled letters: NO

Contains at least two nonoverlapping occurrences of the same doubled letter: NO

Distinct consonants: 4

Has at least one anagram that is also in the word list: NO

If you marked nonoverlapping US state postal abbreviations, you could mark at most: exactly 50.0% of the letters

Length: 8 letters

Letters located in the bottom row on a QWERTY keyboard: exactly 25.0% of the letters

Most common consonant(s) each account(s) for: between 23.8% and 25.0% (inclusive) of the letters

SHA-1 hash of lowercased word, expressed in hexadecimal, starts with: 2B0E

Starts with a vowel: NO

Starts with: CAGI

Sum of letters (A=1, B=2, etc) is divisible by 2: NO

Sum of letters (A=1, B=2, etc) is divisible by 3: NO

Sum of letters (A=1, B=2, etc) is divisible by 5: NO

Sum of letters (A=1, B=2, etc) is divisible by 7: YES

Sum of letters (A=1, B=2, etc): 77

Vowels: exactly 37.5% of the letters

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is divisible by 2: YES

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is divisible by 3: YES

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is divisible by 5: NO

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is divisible by 7: NO

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is exactly representable in IEEE 754 double-precision floating point format: YES

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is exactly representable in IEEE 754 single-precision floating point format: NO

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is representable as an unsigned 32-bit integer: NO

Each of the "normal" examples contains far fewer clues, just enough to uniquely identify the given word. They range in length from normal_46.txt:

```
Some statements that uniquely identify CONSUME:
```

Contains: SU

If you marked nonoverlapping US state postal abbreviations, you could mark at most: between 57.1% and 57.2% (inclusive) of the letters

SHA-1 hash of lowercased word, expressed in hexadecimal, contains: 3D2

to normal_5.txt:

```
Some statements that uniquely identify BAGWORM:
```

Base Scrabble score: 15 points

Can be combined with one additional letter to produce an anagram of something in the word list: YES

Can be combined with two additional letters to produce an anagram of something in the word list: NO

Contains at least one doubled letter: NO

SHA-1 hash of lowercased word, expressed in hexadecimal, contains: 5B

Sum of letters (A=1, B=2, etc) is divisible by 2: NO

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is divisible by 3: YES

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is divisible by 5: NO

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is divisible by 7: NO

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is exactly representable in IEEE 754 single-precision floating point format: NO

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is representable as an unsigned 32-bit integer: YES

Each puzzle looks like one of the "normal" examples: a smallish set of clues that, taken together, uniquely identify one word from the wordlist. Based on the examples and puzzles, solvers can develop a program to interpret the clues and determine what word each puzzle is describing.

Some of the puzzles have an informational section, separated from the clues by a blank line. This section does not constrain the solution of the puzzle (the puzzle has a unique solution before considering the things in the informational section); instead, it relates the solution of the puzzle to various nonsense keywords, which happen to all be names of Egyptian pharaohs who have pyramids or locations where Egyptian pyramids can be found (according to Wikipedia). The nonsense keywords are not in the word list. The given facts can be used to determine what the nonsense keywords mean. They look like:

`This is a word with property KHUI.`(row 43 column 52,`AFFIDAVITS`)`This is NOT a word with property PEPI.`(row 97 column 84,`ROMPS`)`This word is associated with the color KHABA.`(row 50 column 41,`BUTTER`)`This word is associated with the concept SENUSRET.`(row 37 column 50,`TONE`)

As you can tell from this list, the nonsense keywords are divided into three nonoverlapping groups: "concepts", "colors", and "properties". Properties map to some straightforward property, determinable by inspection and implementable programmatically, that any given word will either have or not have. They are things like "contains at least three of the same vowel" or "all letters are in the top row of a QWERTY keyboard"; the complete list is in the Reference section below. Each property has about 50 examples and about 50 counterexamples in the pyramid. Colors map to one of the 16 basic colors defined by HTML and Windows, and are each clued by four words that together can only reasonably identify one particular color name. Concepts map to the word "color", "then", or "everything", and are clued by an appropriate combination of words. The complete lists are at the end of the solution.

About 10% of the puzzles use the nonsense-keyword properties (defined by their
appearance informationally in *other* puzzles) as clues that
constrain the answer, so you can't solve them until you figure out what those
properties mean. (You never need to know what a property means in order to
solve a puzzle that will tell you what a property means.) For example, row 10
column 63 says:

```
Base Scrabble score: between 14 and 28 (inclusive) points
```

Contains: M

Has property AMENEMHAT: YES

Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is representable as an unsigned 32-bit integer: YES

The other clues narrow it down to about 892 words; you have to know that AMENEMHAT means "starts
with the letter U" to discover that the answer of row 10 column 63 is `UNMIXT`.

Once the nonsense keywords for properties are understood and implemented, all puzzles should have unique solutions except for a span of 79 puzzles in the middle of the bottom row of the pyramid (row 124 columns 31 through 109), which each have a set of clues that is not satisfied by any word in the wordlist. As indicated by the flavortext, this region of the pyramid is special: it tells you how to find the "treasure" (the answer to the overall puzzle). It turns out that each of these puzzles is satisfied by one of the nonsense keywords themselves. Reading (from left to right) the meanings of the keywords that solve these special puzzles produces instructions for solving the overall puzzle.

The keywords are:

SENUSRET SEKHEMKHET NIUSERRE KHUFU SENUSRET BIKHERIS ILLAHUN KHUFU SENUSRET QAKAREIBI USERKAF KHUFU SENUSRET ABUSIR SAQQARA KHUFU SENUSRET NURI KHABA KHUFU SENUSRET SETHKA DJEDKAREISESI KHUFU SENUSRET AMENEMHAT TETI KHUFU SENUSRET MEIDUM SNEFERU KHUFU SENUSRET LISHT NIUSERRE KHUFU SENUSRET HAWARA TETI KHUFU SENUSRET PEPI USERKAF KHUFU SENUSRET MENKAURE DJEDEFRE KHUFU SENUSRET AMENYQEMAU SNEFERU KHUFU SENUSRET MAZGHUNA DJEDKAREISESI KHUFU SENUSRET KHUI DAHSHUR KHUFU SENUSRET SOBEKNEFERU ILLAHUN KHUFU SENUSRET NEFEREFRE KHABA KHUFU SENUSRET UNAS SAQQARA KHUFU SENUSRET DJOSER DJEDEFRE KHUFU SENUSRET MERENRE DAHSHUR

which means:

color everything black then

color*words containing SH* maroon then

color*words that start with B* white then

color*words that start with EX* red then

color*words whose first two letters equal their last two letters* yellow then

color*words ending in ED or ING* silver then

color*words that start with U* purple then

color*words with one kind of vowel* navy then

color*words with no vowels* black then

color*words with at least 3 copies of any one consonant* purple then

color*words with at least 3 copies of any one vowel* white then

color*words whose letters appear in sorted order* teal then

color*words whose first letter matches their last letter* navy then

color*words containing a doubled letter* silver then

color*words ending in S* gray then

color*words that are 50% vowels or greater* maroon then

color*words that can be typed with only the top row of a QWERTY keyboard* yellow then

color*words that contain at least one instance of all five vowels* red then

color*words containing CH* teal then

color*words that alternate consonants and vowels* gray

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

color

Treating each puzzle as a pixel, and following those instructions in order, produces the following image:

As indicated by the Confederate flag and the fill-in-the-blanks pattern,
this image clues the answer **ROBERT E LEE**.

(Note: Each color used in this puzzle has a defined hex value in the standard 16-color palette used by HTML and Windows, and these are the values used in constructing the image above, but getting the colors wrong doesn't adversely impact the recognizability of the image too poorly.)

This section contains the details you would discover through solving the puzzle — what everything means, the finer points of the semantics of the clues, etc — that are not necessary to know if you simply want to understand the high-level concepts involved in solving it.

**Numeric**clues describe a property of the word that can be expressed as an integer, and constrain the value of that property in one of four ways: exactly, as a member of a closed interval defined explicitly, as an exact percentage of the number of letters in the word, or as a member of a closed interval whose endpoints are defined by given percentages of the number of letters in the word. If M and N are integers and X and Y are numbers with one place after the decimal point, those forms of this clue are written, respectively:`N``between M and N (inclusive)``exactly X% of the letters``between X% and Y% (inclusive) of the letters`

**String**clues describe a prefix, suffix, or infix of the word or a transformed version of the word. The variable part is simply that prefix, suffix, or infix, in all caps.**Boolean**clues describe a property of the word that is either true or false. The variable part is`YES`or`NO`.

`Length:`(numeric)`letters`. The length of the word.`Vowels:`(numeric). The number of vowels in the word (A, E, I, O, U), including duplicates. Y is never a vowel in this puzzle.`Base Scrabble score:`(numeric)`points`. The score obtained by adding up the Scrabble point values of each letter in this word, without considering multiplier squares, bonuses, or limitations on rack size or tile frequency.`Sum of letters (A=1, B=2, etc):`(numeric). The number you get if you convert each letter to its 1-based index in the alphabet and add them all up. For example, RABBIT yields 18 + 1 + 2 + 2 + 9 + 20 = 52.`Most common`{`letter(s)`|`vowel(s)`|`consonant(s)`}`each appear(s):`(explicit numeric)`time`[`s`]; or ...`each account(s) for:`(percentage numeric). What it says. For example, the most common consonant in BLUBBERING appears 3 times and accounts for 30% of the letters in that word; each of the most common vowels appears only once (10%).`Distinct`{`letters`|`vowels`|`consonants`}`:`(numeric). The number of different instances of each kind of letter, not counting duplicates. BLUBBERING has 5 distinct consonants and 3 distinct vowels, for a total of 8 distinct letters.`Letters located in the`{`top`|`middle`|`bottom`}`row of a QWERTY keyboard:`(numeric). What it says. Duplicates count. TYPEWRITER has 10 letters or 100%.`If you marked nonoverlapping`*description*`, you could mark at most:`(numeric)`letters`. This is a simple dynamic programming problem.*description*is one of:`US state postal abbreviations`: AL, AK, AZ, AR, ..., WV, WI, WY (50 in total).`officially-assigned ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes`: AD, AE, AF, AG, ..., ZA, ZM, ZW (249 in total).**Not**UK, for example.`chemical element symbols (atomic number 112 or below)`: Ac, Ag, Al, Am, ..., Y, Yb, Zn, Zr (112 in total).`occurrences of words in the word list that are 3 or fewer letters long`: aah, ab, abc, abs, ..., zig, zip, zn, zoo (962 in total).

- {
`Starts with`|`Ends with`|`Contains`}`:`(string). The word has the given substring with the given anchoring (if any). "Contains" can occur at the start or end as well as in the middle. `SHA-1 hash of lowercase word, expressed in hexadecimal,`{`starts with`|`ends with`|`contains`}`:`(string). What it says.`Starts with a vowel:`(boolean).`Contains at least one doubled letter:`(boolean).`Contains at least two nonoverlapping occurrences of the same doubled letter:`(boolean).`Contains at least two different doubled letters:`(boolean).`Has at least one anagram that is also in the word list:`(boolean).`Can be combined with one additional letter to produce an anagram of something in the word list:`(boolean).`Can be combined with two additional letters to produce an anagram of something in the word list:`(boolean).`Can be Caesar shifted to produce another word in the word list:`(boolean).`Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is divisible by`{`2`|`3`|`5`|`7`}`:`(boolean).`Sum of letters (A=1, B=2, etc) is divisible by`{`2`|`3`|`5`|`7`}`:`(boolean).`Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is exactly representable in IEEE 754`{`single`|`double`}`-precision floating point format:`(boolean). Because of how floating point works, low-order zeroes in the binary representation of the word don't affect this: after shifting right until the lowest-order bit is a 1, the word needs to have at most 24 or 53 significant bits (for single/double precision). The mantissa field in the binary representation of a floating-point number is only 23 (single) or 52 (double) bits wide, but there's an implicit 1 before the stored part of the mantissa.`Word interpreted as a base 26 number (A=0, B=1, etc) is representable as an unsigned`{`32`|`64`}`-bit integer:`(boolean). This one's just a size comparison: are you less than 2^{32}or 2^{64}?

**Concepts:**

- SENUSRET:
**color**. Clued by PALETTE, TONE, CHROMATIC, WAVELENGTH, CONES, HUE, ADDITIVE, SPACE. - SEKHEMKHET:
**everything**. Clued by EVERYTHING, ALL, UNIVERSE, TOTALITY. - KHUFU:
**then**. Clued by SUBSEQUENTLY, FOLLOWING, NEXT, AFTERWARD.

**Colors:** The fact that there are 16 of them, and the strange words used to
uniquely identify some of them, should hint that these each have a specific correct
RGB value. Even if solvers get that wrong, though, the final image will probably
come out recognizable. Not all 16 colors are used in the image; only 10 are.

- AHMOSE:
**blue**(#0000FF, unused). Clued by LONELY, BAYOU, SKY, BABY. - DAHSHUR:
**gray**(#808080). Clued by DULL, WRINKLED, AREA, SHADES. - DJEDEFRE:
**teal**(#808000). Clued by PHYSICS, TURQUOISE, CERULEAN, DUCK. - DJEDKAREISESI:
**silver**(#C0C0C0). Clued by ARGENT, WEREWOLF, MOON, SICKLE. - GIZA:
**lime**(#00FF00, unused). Clued by CITRUS, TEQUILA, LEMON, KEY. - ILLAHUN:
**maroon**(#800000). Clued by BERET, QATAR, FIVE, ISLAND. - KHABA:
**yellow**(#FFFF00). Clued by SAFFRON, SUNSHINE, BUTTER, DAISY. - KHAFRA:
**aqua**(#00FFFF, unused). Clued by TIC, WATER, LUNG, MARINE. - KHENDJER:
**fuchsia**(#FF00FF, unused). Clued by MISSPELLED, MAGENTA, GENUS, FLOWER. - MERIKARE:
**green**(#008000, unused). Clued by EMERALD, VILLAGE, SALAD, PUTTING. - NIUSERRE:
**black**(#000000). Clued by PITCH, EYE, COAL, NIGHT. - SAHURE:
**olive**(#808000, unused). Clued by GARDEN, DRAB, BRANCH, MARTINI. - SAQQARA:
**red**(#FF0000). Clued by CARDINAL, ROSE, BLOOD, SCARLET. - SNEFERU:
**navy**(#000080). Clued by OLD, BRITISH, INDIGO, ARMY. - TETI:
**purple**(#800080). Clued by AMETHYST, EGGPLANT, PHOENICIAN, ROYALTY. - USERKAF:
**white**(#FFFFFF). Clued by BLANCH, COTTON, BRIGHT, PAPER.

- SOBEKNEFERU: 50% or more of the letters in the word are vowels.
- Examples: adrenaline, airlike, animosities, anise, availability, axes, biotite, bluecoat, cafeterias, casque, cerulean, cuesta, defoamed, eras, eyepoint, fatigued, hoot, idle, ingratiate, limier, mime, noticeable, peculate, pelage, pitied, quinquina, readout, realizes, reinduce, vivarium
- Counterexamples: adventurer, antipyresis, castigators, catechisms, cyclers, dominick, engulfment, falsifiers, goodness, gurgles, handballs, handspring, hardiness, multicolored, panged, paragraphing, plights, precooks, raggeder, resembled, shred, shriekiest, snowily, stalky, subcontractor, tougheners, unperformed, vocalism, weltings, windier

- QAKAREIBI: The word starts with a B.
- Examples: banalities, bash, batteau, battered, bayou, be, beaklike, beflags, belling, benzines, berths, betraying, bewitched, bicameral, bicyclists, biologics, bless, blithers, blockages, bluecoat, bock, boggier, bribing, bridgehead, broiling, buckeroos, buddies, bundled, bunkerage, burgled
- Counterexamples: allocations, avocets, cantering, cockpits, farrow, fumy, funnier, gulleys, horselaughs, impaled, imposters, instrumentary, jumpiness, knurlier, levies, mobber, motorcyclist, nolle, overfatigued, programer, protegees, recti, slingshots, squabbler, steroidal, stiffed, stupefaction, tailor, understudied, unsubmissive

- MENKAURE: The letters of the word appear in sorted order.
- Examples: ab, accent, am, ax, begs, chimp, civvy, cost, dills, dippy, doxy, eft, emmy, en, fills, flop, fop, foxy, gilt, his, hiss, hop, loopy, pp, ss
- Counterexamples: abrupt, acknowledger, auditory, bodies, burrowing, carroming, conceals, corporations, cytosine, encaging, gismo, horseplayer, hygeist, lek, libels, masochism, mouthwash, poppycock, sandboxes, secularizes, skim, snickery, stylizing, submergibility, supply, sylvans, tempested, tetras, tromping, windy

- AMENYQEMAU: The first and last letters of the word are the same.
- Examples: differentiated, expectable, guesting, mendelevium, multiform, neurotoxin, pp, recur, resumer, saddens, sceneries, scoopers, selfdoms, sharkers, sheepdogs, shoppings, shrillness, skiings, stationeries, steepers, stereoscopies, stutters, stylizes, subdivides, subrules, succubus, sudses, sufficiencies, synfuels, tarot
- Counterexamples: alway, amplifiers, bandeau, bioscience, chuffs, considers, crammed, deltas, estivated, fellowing, frond, hailstorms, hocks, lanceted, ledgier, longish, mantissas, marrowbone, numskulls, occiputs, orphaning, outages, overstimulation, partible, publicans, reabsorbed, slaphappy, thunderclap, trifurcated, wimbles

- NEFEREFRE: All the letters in the word appear in the top row of a QWERTY keyboard.
- Examples: eye, pepperer, peppy, potter, pour, pp, pretty, propriety, puree, put, putout, quoter, requite, retorter, ropier, row, rye, terr, titre, torquer, toter, tottery, triter, trooper, trotter, tryout, two, wee, woe, yeti
- Counterexamples: baronetcies, bedlamp, bigging, creed, culmination, curetted, defuzing, diagrammable, dichromatic, effectual, forehoof, forenames, grooves, hinting, honourer, hydrological, imperceptibility, inflammabilities, kotos, languished, ledgier, liquidates, oversaw, placentae, stroboscope, stupor, traducers, unhorsing, users, verbalized

- MEIDUM: The word only contains one distinct vowel.
- Examples: batts, blenched, brill, british, composts, cords, crawls, defends, flop, gemmy, grandams, inks, keenest, limp, lint, marshy, narwhals, prefers, scraps, sheet, shrunk, slack, sleek, sneerers, speedwell, suburbs, tramways, yam, yelped, yolk
- Counterexamples: baggiest, coffeehouses, condoning, corpulencies, dangerously, expletive, fatalisms, ganef, godwits, hardcovers, humiliation, internationalist, jails, malcontents, medianly, misapplier, overtrained, oxide, posher, quotha, refocus, reinforcement, repeoples, residua, revenues, scatological, spates, staunched, sweated, unitarians

- KHUI: The word ends with an S.
- Examples: affidavits, allots, armours, bolshevists, cashless, chaperons, chinchillas, cookeys, danglers, emborders, glamorizes, imparters, jiffs, longings, mounters, omelettes, pawls, presets, prosecutrixes, quipus, recruits, resolves, rounds, samphires, sceneries, sealskins, serfhoods, sweethearts, townhouses, wagonettes
- Counterexamples: absconding, acidulously, acquitted, build, cameralist, catalogued, doggrel, equatorial, flocked, groover, husband, kvetched, lanced, leapfrogged, nonoperative, obfuscate, ovum, pampering, pneumococcal, rose, sexlessly, shrimped, sweated, taverner, unperfected, unscratched, valiancy, versed, windsock, woeful

- BIKHERIS: The word contains the substring SH.
- Examples: baksheesh, brandished, brushoff, cashless, cushion, danish, dishonesty, fleshers, gushier, instructorships, makeshifts, motorship, mouthwash, overshot, pinkish, scholarship, shakiest, shallowest, shellfishes, shimmering, shininess, shorings, shotes, shrinker, splosh, stashing, trickish, trickishly, usherette, voguish
- Counterexamples: adaptable, buoyages, cutin, decenaries, despotically, develops, disallowing, epigraphy, finders, frisk, fruitfully, hazardously, hoarsen, jabbed, jogging, lucidly, nondelivery, passible, peccaries, philatelic, rem, renegotiates, spontaneous, stickman, supererogatory, underlies, unstrap, ureic, views, woodier

- LISHT: The word does not contain any vowels.
- Examples: drys, glyphs, hymns, lr, lymphs, myths, pp, psych, psychs, ss
- Counterexamples: baptisms, chessman, collectible, councilman, dateline, discoverable, disk, dismortgaging, dropouts, earths, eastbound, ellipsis, funfair, garaged, gondola, guildhall, humaneness, intercontinental, introduces, loudish, owning, presoaking, prunable, puffiness, rasp, resisting, showpiece, steeps, thorium, torridness

- DJOSER: The word contains the substring CH.
- Examples: achieved, achilles, backbenchers, benchmark, biopsychology, blanch, branchlike, chaffier, chalcedonic, chances, changeful, charlotte, chateaus, cheapie, chewer, chinchillas, crosspatches, flowcharted, hotchpotch, lichi, manchus, matcher, matchless, mooch, overstretches, psychophysically, riches, ricocheting, strychninization, twitchers
- Counterexamples: academes, austerely, bullier, canvassing, crematorium, cyclonal, duck, enters, evidently, firedamps, froward, garret, hatable, hissed, impactors, kudzu, latticing, pailful, patrilinear, protected, rethreading, rewired, shanks, stealthiest, stringiest, thirteen, tinsmiths, toolings, unalarmed, usurer

- MERENRE: The word is comprised of strictly alternating consonants and vowels.
- Examples: adenine, agamic, anatomic, anode, detonates, emoted, ex, fetor, hag, judicature, kinematic, lev, localites, lurid, mime, nodule, piled, pipeline, revisited, rewired, ruler, seduce, soberize, tarot, tones, tuneful, unedited, uterine, vibes, womanizer
- Counterexamples: abdomens, affright, amalgam, attainted, branch, carpeted, catalogued, clacking, crevassing, dingbats, distend, expedited, flirts, glens, glorifying, gravelled, haymakers, heroical, inhabitress, ion, jingo, manly, obfuscated, possessiveness, postcard, precursor, rollicked, shafting, wanderings, widgeon

- UNAS: The word contains at least one instance of each vowel.
- Examples: aeronautical, amphibiousness, authentication, automanipulative, autonomies, chemotherapeuticness, coeducation, commensuration, commutative, conceptualized, copulative, countenancing, encrustation, inefficacious, loquaciousness, magniloquent, noneducational, obscurative, overindustrializing, permutation, preconsultations, pseudoclassic, rambunctiousness, recalculations, recirculation, refutation, speculation, ultraviolet, unactionable, unsociable
- Counterexamples: aerograms, aphasiacs, breviary, cameralist, checks, churchyards, collaborationists, diagramming, embellish, enrolls, eucalyptuses, evolution, gigglier, grandfathers, hampshireman, iambs, impassionate, oilpapers, polliwog, posher, rammer, repiners, reptilians, scaling, shadowier, stiffed, surfs, undesigning, uploads, uranium

- SETHKA: The word ends with ED or ING.
- Examples: assimilated, baying, buzzing, bypassing, classed, conjugating, crammed, crenelated, crested, discussed, ducking, edifying, galvanized, gaoling, garrisoning, harrowed, heartwarming, helming, nilled, played, precalculated, predominated, redissolving, resewing, revivified, shred, spiraled, thrusted, unhurried, wasting
- Counterexamples: ancestry, atones, balladic, beflags, branch, club, cranker, culpably, dillydally, elses, entwines, faulkner, flattens, heraldry, mademoiselles, muslins, natality, oarless, overshadow, pap, phoenician, pigskin, rovingly, simple, slickly, species, stranger, tax, violent, vocalism

- MAZGHUNA: The word contains a double letter.
- Examples: addressable, admitter, amontillados, anticlimactically, awfuller, bloodstain, blooming, burglarproof, calcutta, capillaries, commonality, cottonwood, cuddle, dilemma, efficacies, fatigueless, ferrety, gobble, moonbow, piazzas, prettify, rattus, resettling, shuttlecock, sonneting, squareness, suggestive, tiffined, whiffer, yipped
- Counterexamples: aldehydes, alway, badland, carioca, conveyor, copyist, corona, dendrological, disbursed, disparately, downturns, duster, foaled, forebay, ganglionic, glycemia, insurgent, obsequious, obviating, overenthusiastic, packeting, pawky, reversion, rovingly, shoving, timbales, uncharged, undisclosed, upholders, yam

- PEPI: The word contains at least one distinct vowel that appears at least 3 times.
- Examples: avitaminosis, belligerency, breveted, degenerateness, diacritical, duplicities, elderberries, evanescently, fadeaway, funiculus, hartebeest, imperceptibility, imprecisions, inhabitancies, lavalava, liquidities, mendelevium, mesmerizer, neediness, noncontagious, overstretches, pelleted, pervertedness, questionableness, reclassification, reflexive, reflexiveness, sweetened, terrenes, transcendence
- Counterexamples: affixed, beadles, cariole, chrysler, claudius, coal, coinsurer, costively, cushion, droner, eclat, enmities, feasance, fidgety, hotly, idiosyncrasy, kippering, litterers, meliorations, monkeyed, parasitize, playa, prayed, recirculation, reentrant, romps, scandalize, titans, unhealthful, unsew

- HAWARA: The word contains at least one distinct consonant that appears at least 3 times.
- Examples: antithetic, anxiousness, augustness, bossiness, crosshatches, curriers, druidesses, eisteddfods, enchaining, errantries, gaggle, instructorships, longstanding, nonconsenting, nonsubmissive, overrighteousness, pensioning, pentadactylate, pneumococcal, prestidigitation, preternatural, remonstrator, seasonings, settleability, smogless, spontaneousness, transferror, trunnions, uninvitingly, untranscendentally
- Counterexamples: accessibly, adamants, antics, citrons, clangors, commandeers, coquettish, doggrel, englobe, factiously, fission, gurgles, hampshirite, intercalating, jerkier, jollying, manumitting, matcher, picaros, prepacked, prolongs, punting, recommit, shawled, subcontractor, suing, teabowl, underproduce, versus, viler

- ABUSIR: The word starts with EX.
- Examples: exacerbations, examined, examining, exasperate, exchequer, excitability, excretes, exculpated, exercisable, exerts, exhausting, exhaustive, exhibit, exhibiters, exhorters, existent, expansionary, expatriate, expedited, expeditious, expert, experting, exploders, expounders, expressionistic, exserts, extendible, exterminating, extinguish, extraterritorial
- Counterexamples: acted, anionically, appointments, begorah, blanching, cartographer, dowsed, furnacing, gillnet, gripping, gyroscopes, hoarsen, impale, interrelated, knavishness, lonesomely, orphaning, potables, puckering, quacks, ransackers, retitling, smirched, spermary, stampeded, thwartly, tobogganed, vestured, voidable, windwards

- NURI: The first two letters of the word equal the last two letters.
- Examples: ab, amalgam, angolan, ax, be, carioca, en, hydrography, ichthyic, learnable, lr, metalloenzyme, ok, pp, sp, statist, stillest, strangest, template, wk
- Counterexamples: avocets, baseboard, decrial, devilled, exacerbations, fence, freedom, fresno, gustatorially, headmistresses, helming, horridly, kines, kirtles, laborer, learner, metrication, microstates, pablum, pimas, prepossessed, psychologies, quickness, retorters, rumbaing, salvageable, shallops, shopman, shortchanges, whackier

- AMENEMHAT: The word starts with U.
- Examples: unaccommodating, unaccompanied, unalarmed, unapparent, unappetizingly, unapt, unbar, unclasping, uncommoner, unconditionality, underages, understate, undocks, unearths, unescapable, uneventfully, unfit, unhallowed, unhealthful, unitary, unknowable, unmarried, unpile, unrestrained, unruled, unsatisfactory, untrained, upholsterers, upper, uproot
- Counterexamples: anionically, annotates, bland, cellists, chillums, clastic, coliform, cranker, dogears, doggrel, echelon, expresses, incorrigible, inks, lipper, nestled, nonreciprocals, old, ped, reductions, reenslaving, safariing, satire, satyriasis, snivelled, somatology, sublimely, treads, trotter, vaporizers